is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Its species are native to the Americas, where they have been cultivated for thousands of years. Following the Columbian Exchange, it has become cultivated worldwide, and it has also become a key element in many cuisines.
Capsicums come in a variety of colors: Green and purple are more pungent and taste slightly bitter. Red, orange and yellow are milder flavored, sweeter, and pleasant to the taste. The red peppers are really green peppers which have been left to ripen on the vine. So green is simply the unripe version of the red.
Botanically, capsicums or bell peppers are fruits as they have seeds. However, they are widely used for cooking, so culinary-wise, they are accepted as a vegetable.
Nurtritional Value of Capsicum (Bell Pepper)
he stronger the color of the bell peppers, the higher the concentration level of antioxidants. A small bell pepper could provide up to three times more of the recommended daily amount of vitamin C, much more than any citrus food.
Each color of the bell peppers have different phytochemicals and provide different nutrients. Consumption of the variety of the colored peppers are recommended in order to benefit from all the nutrients.