African nightshades are several species of plants in the section Solanum of the genus Solanum, that are commonly consumed as leafy vegetables and herbs. African nightshades are grown in both high and lowland areas.
There is a large variation in diversity of the African nightshades, which have many nutritional and medicinal benefits Species known as African nightshade include Solanum scabrum, Solanum villosum, Solanum nigrum, and Solanum americanum. Other common names for African nightshade are Black nightshade and Narrow-leaved nightshade.
Beta-carotene: extremely high in leaves; vitamin E: medium; folic acid: medium to high; ascorbic acid: high to extremely high; calcium: medium; iron: medium; protein: 2.0-4.0%. Leaves contain also some alkaloids.