Acacia melanoxylon is a straight trunked, medium sized tree of the legume family (Fabaceae) with a dense crown. The species is also known as Blackwood, hickory, mudgerabah, Tasmanian blackwood, or blackwood acacia. It is a thornless, evergreen tree 26-49 ft. (8-15 m) high. It can occasionally get up to 148 ft. (45 m) tall. Native of rainforest areas in southeastern Australia, it was introduced as a forestry planting to Hawaii, New Zealand, and South Africa.
The wood is very good for many uses including wood panels, furniture, fine cabinetry, tools, boats, inlayed boxes and wooden kegs. It is of about the same quality as walnut and it is well-suited for shaping with steam. The bark has a tannin content of about 20%. It may also be used for producing decorative veneers.
Acacia melanoxylon timber has a density of approximately 660 kg/m3 and is strong in compression, resistant to impact and is moderately stiff. It is moderately blunting to work with tools and bends well. It may be nailed or screwed with ease, but gluing may produce rather variable results. The wood may be stained easily and produces a high-quality finish.